An elective procedure is something that a patient agrees to in advance, rather than one performed in case of an emergency. Often, people think of elective procedures as pertaining to cosmetic surgery, but it also includes other procedures that could be life-threatening if not addressed. For example, when untreated, cholecystitis (the inflammation of the gallbladder) can lead to serious complications, possibly even death. Thousands of people need these dire procedures but have no way of paying for it. No one should have to question whether they will live or die because they cannot afford to have a required surgery. This is where the Patient Benefit Foundation steps in.